It is not only a very efficient and horse friendly bridle, it is also a bridle that is used for centuries to train horses.
Pignatelli used it and Frederico Grisone wrote about it in the 16th century. Other known trainers and (great) masters (from later times) like the Duke of Newcastle, De la Broue, François Guérinière, and Steinbrecht were all very happy with the cavesson and used it to train their horses.
Different types of cavessons
A proper cavesson is made from supple leather and there is no iron in the nose band OR the iron is wrapped in soft material. On the nose band there are 3 little rings, 1 in the middle and also 1 on each side. During groundwork, the lead-rope is attached to the middle ring, or during lunging, the lunge rope. The reins are attached to the outer rings for riding or working in hand.
A cavesson also has a jaw strap(throat lash) to prevent the cavesson from moving, resulting in the rubbing of cheekpieces against the eyes, which can irritate the horse. This jaw strap is attached to the cheekpieces and around the jaws. Cavessons where the jaw strap is sewn are handier compared to cavessons where the jaw strap can be moved, which means that they can lower during training. Some cavessons also have a brow band.
Sensitive horse? No iron in the nose band!
Some cavessons are made from a bicycle chain with leather underneath. There are many horses that can be trained perfectly with this, however, there are also many horses where this is not the case because they react too sensitive to it. This is because after much use, this type of cavesson becomes ”ribbed” underneath. The leather has formed itself to the bicycle chain. The nose band is “crenelated” so to speak.
Sensitive horses with a sensitive and/or narrow nose can become tensed and/or irritated when the crenelated nose band moves over their nose. With these horses it is especially advisable to use a cavesson without iron. The nose band is then made from leather.
Why using a cavesson during groundwork?
Because a cavesson is more secure and doesn’t move around and because the ring is situated on the nose in contrast to a rope halter, hints you give with your lead-rope will be clearer for the horse. When you stand next to the horse, at the height of the girth for example, and you give pressure directly through the rope to the cavesson, the pressure is directly felt on the nose of the horse and the head turns immediately in your direction.
Doing this with a rope halter you will create a backward pressure first because the lead-rope is attached under the chin. For the horse it is a lot less clearer what you exactly expect from him.
And this way many groundwork exercises are clearer and better to understand for your horse when using a cavesson. However, to teach the horse to give way through downward pressure behind the ears (head down) is better to be done with a rope halter because you can actually give pressure behind the ears in contrast to a cavesson where the pressure is partly coming on the nose.
Why a cavesson during work in hand, lunging and riding?
By asking the horse to turn in the nose slightly (and therefore the upper jaw), lateral flexion is created, which allows you to influence the overall lateral bending. The horse will place the mandible outward when the upper jaw is placed correctly inward.
A horse in correct overall lateral bending, will move forward-downward and the inside hind leg will be able to swing well forward.
Upper jaw and mandible…
The cavesson works on the nasal bone of the horse and therefore on the upper jaw. A bit works on the mandible.
There is a chance that when you ask the horse a position with the help of a bit that the horse places the mandible to the insede and therefore tilts the upper jaw outwards, and it therefore isn’t possible to get a good lateral flexion and lateral bend from the horse.
Because a side pressure on the upper jaw will ask the upper jaw in, the mandible will be placed outwards and this will result in a better flexion and bending! Contrary to a bit, a cavesson will prevent the horse tilting its head. A cavesson is therefore ideal to help your horse to take a proper flexion and bending.
Less stress with the cavesson than with a bit.
This is, among other things, because an object in the horse’s mouth, during exertion of the horse – this means training – causes opposite body reflexes, namely the “eat-relaxation reflex”, or the “not eating-exertion reflex”, and these are opposite which creates stress (the parasympathetic and the sympathetic nervous system is getting confused).
This is more obvious with one horse than another, but it is present with all horses. It creates stress in the horse (visible or invisible).
A cavesson is therefore a very good alternative for everyone that likes to ride bitless.
The horse doesn’t have anything in its mouth and is better able to relax and to concentrate. The breathing will go easier and the very sensitive layers are spared. There are many reasons to choose to go bitless.
So, the advantages of the cavesson at a glance!
- You can do both groundwork as well as gymnastic groundwork. You can also ride with it. You can train your horse from a to z with one bridle.
- During groundwork the hints of the lead rope will be clearer.
- Your horse will learn to take the correct position by placing the upper jaw inward which places the mandible outwards. It is therefore the ideal bridle to make the horse suppler and stronger.
- You can also work with the double lunging rope.
- You spare the horse’s sensitive mouth because the mouth is many times more sensitive to pressure than its nose.
- The sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system will not be confused and it is less stressful for the horse.
- It is the ideal bridle for everyone who chooses to train bitless.
- Also novices can easily ride with a cavesson, which isn’t the case with a bit bridle (unfortunately many beginners start straight away with a bit…).
How to put on a cavesson.
Be careful that the nose band isn’t positioned on the soft part of the nose and the nostrils. Otherwise you obstruct the breathing. The nose band is positioned just above the spot where the soft nose part starts.
The nose band also shouldn’t sit against the cheekbone as that is too high.
The nose band should be secured in such way that the horse can move his mandible (otherwise the horse can’t take a proper lateral flexion and bending) and open his mouth. It shouldn’t be too loose either that the nose band moves too much over the nasal bone when asking flexion or bending.
The jaw band is fastened around the jaw, loose enough that you can put a finger in between but tight enough to prevent the cheeckpieces moving against the eyes.
Where do you buy a cavesson?
Nowadays you can order a cavesson in many shops. Go to your local horse supplier and ask for it.
Personally I have good experiences with the Marjoman cavesson without iron. I find them very useful since they are easy to adjust from big to small and therefore you can train both ponies as big horses with it. The leather is supple and the straps are wide which creates a stable sitting cavesson.
And when you Google for the term, you will find many web shops that sell cavessons in different colours, sizes and prizes.
The light brown cavesson on the white horse, you can order at www.ccvsaddlery.com